What is Naturalization?
Naturalization is the process granting U.S. citizenship to an eligible immigrant.
While requirements vary based upon how someone qualifies for Naturalization, certain parameters apply to every applicant: (1) continuous residence/permanent residence, (2) physical presence in the U.S., (3) time spent within a specific USCIS district or state, (4) good moral character, (5) English & Civics knowledge, and (6) attachment to the Constitution.
PATHS TO NATURALIZATION*
- Permanent Resident for 5 years: The most common eligibility category is when an immigrant has been a Legal Permanent Resident (“LPR”) for 5 years based on employment. Among other additional requirements, the applicant must have good moral character and be able to pass an English and Civics knowledge test.
- Married to a U.S. Citizen: A legal permanent resident who has been married to and living with a U.S. Citizen for the past 3 years. Among other additional requirements, the applicant must have good moral character and be able to pass an English and Civics knowledge test.
- Citizenship through U.S. Parent: Generally, there are two ways to obtain citizenship through a U.S. citizen parent (1) at birth, and (2) after birth, but before the age of 18 for children born abroad.
- Members or Veterans of U.S. Armed Forces: Members or U.S. Armed Forces may be eligible to apply for naturalization under special provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Generally, service in the U.S. Armed Forces means service in one of the following branches:
- Marine Corps
- Air Force
- Coast Guard
- National Guard
*For more detailed information regarding naturalization eligibility click here : https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/document/guides/chapter4.pdf
Here is an additional resource from AILA: AILA flyer on naturalization